Tools for Cutting,
Shaping and Finishing - only to be used on WOOD
These vary in shape and size and are similar to rasps. The blades are
replaceable and can produce flat, curved
or circular shapes, as shown below
FLAT and ROUND SURFORMS
There are 2 sIzes, but both are used to plane (shave) wood to a required
finish. The larger Jack plane cuts more wood away; while the Smoothing
plane below, gives a better finish.
Also known as sand paper. this is used to smooth down
wood to get a good finish. It must be used In the direction of the grain
LINISHER / DISC SANDER
These machines are used to give a good finish and shape to wood. They
have abrasive sheets, similar to glass paper, revolving at great speed.
You may have to drill holes in wood. using a hand drill. They have to
be turned in the right direction, so that the drill-bit or twist drill
will cut; i.e. clock-wise direction.
TWIST DRILLS (shown below)
These vary In size from 3mm to 13mm diameter, in the school
workshops. Small sizes break very easily and need a lot of care while
drilling holes, especially in plastic and metal.
These are used to punch the heads of nails below the surface of a piece
of wood. This prevents damage to tools and glass paper.